History of Kharkov.

Kharkov Travel Information

Are you going to travel Kharkov? Kharkov is the second largest city in Ukraine. It was founded in 1654. As of 2010, its population was 1,732,400. The city is the administrative center of the Kharkivskoy Oblast. It is situated at the junction of the three rivers: Lopan, Uda, and Kharkiv where they flow into the Seversky Donets watershed.

History of Kharkov can be divided into several major periods.

The third period took only half of a century. During this period development of capitalist relations in the city was accompanied by the strong growth in trade, industry, credit and financial activities. 1869 year when the very first in Ukraine railroad has been opened can be considered as the beginning of this period. October Revolution of 1917 is the end of the third period.
The fourth period took seven decades after 1917. It was held under the slogan of building the socialist society in the former Soviet Union and ended up by the collapse of the totalitarian regime. This period can be broken down by dates:- From 1919 to 1934, when Kharkov was the capital of Ukraine;- 1941-1945 years, the city had experienced the hardships of the Second World War: the Nazi occupation, destruction of the city, the deaths hundreds of thousands of its citizens, and then the recovery of the ruined city economics;- Several decades after 1957, when Kharkov has built new residential areas and developed its infrastructure required by the stable growth of its population.

Travel Kharkov. What kind of city it is.

 Kharkov is not a typical Ukrainian tourist city similar to Kiev, Lvov and Odessa which attract a lot of visitors by their numerous cultural, architectural monuments and rich history. Kharkiv is also rich with historical sites, monuments, architecture and museums. But besides that the city has always been considered a major cultural, educational, scientific, transport and industrial center of Ukraine.

Kharkov is famous for its intellectual and industrial potential: 45 establishments of higher education, 60 research institutes, 27 theaters, 25 museums and 80 libraries. Hundreds of industrial companies which have a total number of 150,000 employees specialize mostly in machinery.

Here is a short list of the world famous industrial giants: the “Malyshev Tank Factory” and the “Morozov Design Bureau” (leaders in tank production since the 1930s;) “ElectroTyazhMash” (heavy generators and engines, design and production); “Turboatom” (turbines producer); Kharkov Aviation Plant (Antonov Bureo- air crafts AN-140, AN-74, AN-72).

People who travel Kharkov, very soon realize that the city has a high concentration of students and a lot of research institutions. There are 150,000 students attending Kharkov universities and other institutions of higher education. 9,000 of them are foreign students who came to Kharkov from 96 countries. A wide range of disciplines are offered to the students by 13 national universities and numerous technical and professional institutions. More than 17,000 research staff and faculty are involved in teaching at higher education institutions in Kharkiv.

26,000 Kharkov scientists are working for a number of world renowned scientific schools and research institutions. Among them there are three national science centers – Institute of Metrology, Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology, Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine and 20 research institutions which belong to the National Academy of Science of Ukraine – such as Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering and Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine.

If you have intention to travel Kharkov for business, the city has a lot to offer. What if you are not a businessman, not going to became a Kharkov student or just do not care either about industrial enterprises or research institutions? Even if you care, but would like to see something for the soul in your spare time, what are your choices? What kind of cultural program can this city of hard workers and inquisitive researchers offer you?

Travel Kharkov. Places to visit. Things to See.

First of all, you will need a Kharkov map. Kharkov is a big city(310 sq.km). There is a metro (an underground rapid-transit system) with its 29 stations and about 38.1 km of track. This is the easiest and fastest way to travel Kharkov. Nevertheless metro is only a kind of transportation. Walking tours are still the best choice to see the most interesting places in Kharkov. Here are some of very high recommended spots you can visit:

Svobody Square – major city square is the largest in Europe
Monument to Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko(1814 – 1861)
Uspensky Cathedral (built: 1771-1777)
Blagoveshensky Cathedral (1655), (rebuilt 1789)
Pokrovsky Cathedral (second part of the XVII century)
Kid’s Rail Road (20,000-30,000 visitors per year)
Second World War memorial in Lesopark
Historical Museum